this is bbc news. i'm richard lister. the headlines at ten: eight out of ten young carers are not receiving the help they need from social services, according to the children's commissioner for england. this is often systematic support for vulnerable family members who may have mental illness or physical disabilities. countering electoral fraud — voters in some parts of england will be asked to show id in pilot schemes. russian crash investigators recover a black box flight recorder from the military aircraft which crashed into the black sea, killing 92 people. the "prevent" anti—extremism programme is defended by leicestershire‘s chief constable. simon cole describes some of the criticism as "hysterical". tributes to the character actor liz smith who has died at the age of 95. does this play cassettes as well? no, it'sjust cds. have you got cassettes as well?
no. the bafta winner played nana in the royle family, amongst many roles. choreographer, sir matthew bourne, described her as a "true british legend." and victoria derbyshire takes a look back at the exclusive interviews and films which have featured on her programme in 2016. that's in half an hour here on bbc news. good morning and welcome to bbc news. the children's commissioner for england says the vast majority of young carers receive no support from local authority social services. anne longfield says four out of five are "going under the radar". the local government association said funding cuts meant councils were being forced to make difficult decisions. helena lee reports. this is daniel, one of thousands
of young carers in england. he's ten and lives with his mum, florella, who has a brain tumour. daniel is her main carer at home. when he's not at school, he helps around the house, but he constantly worries about his mum when he isn't there. i started becoming more responsible and i started doing the cleaning. started doing cooking better. i started paying more attention to what my mum was doing. then, because i wasn't around, i was always worried about how she was. today's report by the children's commissioner found of the 160,000 young carers in england, just over 128,000 children aged 5—17 may not be known to local authorities. and councils identified 160 young carers in england who are under the age of five. this is often systematic support for vulnerable family members
who may have mental illness or physical disabilities. they need to be able to flourish at school, they need to be able to enjoy childhood and grow up, whilst they're still offering the familial support that you would expect. the local government association says funding cuts to children's services means councils are being forced to make difficult decisions about what support they are able to provide. but it says all young carers should receive an assessment to find out if they need help. helena lee, bbc news. england's chief nursing officer has urged the nhs to invest more in caring for people at home. jane cummings says money is being wasted on keeping elderly patients in hospital unnecessarily. she says reform is needed to make sure patients don't get caught between different parts of the system.
voters will have to show proof of identity before being allowed to vote in a government pilot scheme to reduce electoral fraud. a number of councils in england, including birmingham and bradford, will trial the scheme at local elections in 2018. with me is our political correspondent tom bateman. why is the government doing this now? there was a fairly well public —— publicised case in tower hamlets couple of years ago where the directly elected mayor, lutfur rahman, was accused of vote rigging and eventually removed from office. asa and eventually removed from office. as a response to that, the government asked the former communities secretary, eric pickles, to look at this issue, and he came up to look at this issue, and he came up with a raft of recommendations such as voters showing ide in
polling booths in england, and measures to crack down on the vote rigging, the four gelant filling in of postal ballots. then the government came up with this recommendation, which has backed virtually all of them, particularly theissue virtually all of them, particularly the issue of people showing ide in -- id in the issue of people showing ide in —— id in polling booths. the issue of people showing ide in -- id in polling booths. but it isn't uncontroversial? labour say they would support anything that would crack down on voter fraud, but former merit london ken livingstone this morning said this isn't a huge issue, there are really a tiny number of cases, that it is being given too much emphasis by the government. and he says it is a bit like if you have a problem with shoplifting, this is like searching everybody as they come out of the store, it is disproportionate. and in his view, it will as proportionately affect poorer voters, people who are less likely to have a passport or might not have
their utility bills in their own names, the kind of thing you might need to show to prove your ide. so he says it disproportionately affects labour, and thereafter you are voters affects labour, and thereafter you a re voters now affects labour, and thereafter you are voters now on affects labour, and thereafter you are voters now on the electoral register because of some changes the government made last year. tom bateman, thank you very much. a senior police officer has defended the government's often criticised anti—extremism programme known as prevent. simon cole, who is chief constable of leicestershire and one of those in charge of implementing the strategy, said some recent criticism had been "hysterical". speaking on bbc 5 live, he responded to the claims by the national union of teachers that the prevent strategy often causes suspicion and confusion in schools. it could do those things if it wasn't presented as a sensible, calm safeguarding operation, and of course, the duty has been extended to include people like teachers, to include parts of the health sector, because that is often of where these
vulnerabilities show in typical safeguarding work, so it would be unsurprising if it didn't show in relation to the world of counterterrorism. but how does a teacher spot extremism? they are not qualified to do that.|j teacher spot extremism? they are not qualified to do that. i have kids at school, and i would hope that my teachers are trying to make sure that they are safe, and i think that teachers are hugely skilled people who are able to identify where children potentially are vulnerable, starting to change their behaviour is, and all this is is about putting an arm around them and making sure they are ok. how many people who are identified as being a potential problem end up not being? about one in ten of the people referred, we think we have concerns about. going forward , think we have concerns about. going forward, typically about two thirds of those we believe that we have some measure. hold on a second. one in ten who are referred. those you
have concerns about, so in other words nine out of ten are wrongly identified? they are not wrongly identified, they are often found to be vulnerable in other ways. but they are not extremists. absolutely, and that is identified by a calm and thoughtful process, which is good at a time when the counter—terrorism risk level is severe, and has been severe for a long time. a british man is in a critical condition in hospital in antigua after being shot in the head. 37—year—old christopher tester from torquay was injured during an attempted robbery at his parents‘ restaurant on christmas day. he's being kept in an induced coma, and friends have launched an appeal to fly him back to the uk for treatment. liz smith, the actor best known for playing nana in the sitcom the royle family, has died at the age of 95. a spokesperson for her family announced she passed away on christmas eve.
peter ruddick has been looking back at her life. what is she? she's a vegetarian, nana. 0hhh! could you have some wafer thin ham? could she have wafer thin ham, barbara? no! 0hhh. from dotty nana norma speakman in the royle family to eccentric baker letitia cropley in the vicar of dibley, liz smith carved out a niche playing scatty but hilarious older ladies. it's chocolate spread! chocolate? yeah, yeah. you promise? yeah, yeah, yeah. yeah. all right, i will. very...unusual taste. well, i put in a bit of tara—salamata in as well. she had been through a tough childhood, and an even tougher early career as a single mother of two with a series of part—time jobs. it was only when she was nearly 50 that she got her breakthrough after being offered a theatre role
by mike leigh. it was like a wonderful realisation that at last i was being given a chance. it had come, it had come at last. she may have started late, but she made up for lost time with award—winning roles in tv and film, resulting in her being awarded the mbe in 2009. but it will be as nana, the queen of sheba, for which she will be most remembered. the actor liz smith, who has died at the age of 95. a short time ago my colleague joanna gosling spoke to the director mike leigh, who gave liz smith her breakthrough role in 1971 in his independent film bleak moments. the actors‘ directory, spotlight, everyone has a photo in it, and they would say, who is that dotty—looking woman with a
funny face and the hat? i was a bit cautious at first, but when i met her, and she had acted for a while, she was actually demonstrating toys in hamleys and raising her kids. she was charming, a duck to water and a serious trooper. she came and did this great single scene in bleak moments, and she insisted on taking her teeth that, which became the focal point of the scene, and years later i was asked to do my first film for the bbc, hard labour, and i thought if anybody has got the wisdom, this woman is so extraordinary, so unique, so unlike an actress, so special, that she should have a career, and the great thing is that she has, she did. and the fact that she had got to that age and hadn't done lots of acting enhance
the fact that she was just a very natural character. that's not really the case. she was a character actress. she never played herself. and she had this extraordinary face and a great sense of humour. so what was she like? how different was she on screen to what she was like off screen? she was a charming eccentric. she played the role of being an eccentric, but basically she was a serious, proper person. she was charming, generous to a fault. she loved cats, she had millions of them. she was great. and she was immensely talented as a character actor. she said she owed everything to you because of you giving her that break. you know, show business is a fluky thing. there is somebody out there now who nobody will ever know about who is better than everybody else, and that is the way it
goes. and was it literally using her picture in spotlight? it wasn't just that. it was just everybody saying, who is that dotty looking woman? i just called round. i was making my first film, and as you know, i worked without a script, so you call up agents and say, there is no script, i have never made a film before, and most agents tell you to bog off. but we put it together and it happened from there. so she was working in hamleys. did she go back? she didn't have a regularjob there, it was christmas, and she was demonstrating toys, she did odd jobs to raise her kids and feed her family. so as you watched her career blossoming through that later period of her life, what did you think? i amdelighted, and you watch the royle family, and if ever there was a one—off, she was it. and we are seeing her now
in the royle family, it is hard to imagine now who else could fill those roles, there isn't someone else like that. and there never will be, and it is sad she is no longer with us, and it is great she has lasted till the age of 95. she would probably tell you that is because she was a vegetarian, and those of us who aren't, still digesting our christmas turkey, are duly concerned. so what will your overriding memory of her be? she was always... i have just done a couple of radio interviews here at the bbc with ricky tomlinson on the line at the same time, and he talked a great deal about what a trooper she was, a great team player, what fun she was to have around, and she was. she would never say a negative thing about anybody. she was a completely positive, if eccentric, lady.
might lead talking to joanna might lead talking tojoanna a little earlier. only about half of the families in britain own their homes, according to new analysis by the resolution foundation. 0fficial housing statistics point to a much higherfigure, but the foundation believes the number of people living in privately rented accommodation has been underestimated. the headlines on bbc news: eight out of ten young carers are not receiving the help they need from social services according to the children's commissioner for england. voters in some parts of england will be asked to show id under pilot schemes to curb electoral fraud. russian crash investigators recover a black box flight recorder from the military aircraft which crashed into the black sea, killing 92 people. sport now. here is hugh.
good morning. manager antonio conte said chelsea's 3—0 win over bournemouth in the premier league sent "a good message". they were missing key players diego costa and ngolo kante but they came through as 3—0 winners thanks to goals from pedro, eden hazard and a late own goal off steve cook. they're seven points clear now at the top, after a club record 12th straight league win. we had chances to score more goals, but for the players, today we played a game without two important players. but i think we played very well. pep guardiola admits it will be "tough" for his manchester city side to keep up with chelsea in the title race.
city are second after a 3—0 win at bottom of the table hull city. there were also three points for manchester united — this stunning finish from henrikh mkhitaryan helped jose mourinho's side to a fourth straight win in the league. they beat former manager david moyes‘ sunderland 3—1. elsewhere arsenal beat west brom 1—0. burnley saw off middlesbrough by the same scoreline. champions leicester lost at home to everton, 2—0. west ham won away at relegation—threatened swansea 4—1. and sam allardyce's first game in charge of crystal palace ended in a 1—1 draw at watford. liverpool could move into second and close the gap on chelsea to six points if they beat stoke in today's only premier league match. liverpool bossjurgen klopp is hoping his team and supporters are recharged after waiting an extra day for their christmas football. atmosphere changes everything, so hopefully all our supporters are recharged after the 25th
and the 26th, full of good food and in the best mood for this game, and give everything you can! it might be summer in australia, but the weather is not helping their cricketers take on pakistan in the second test in melbourne. 0pening batsman azhar ali scored an unbeaten century to lead pakistan to 310—6 as rain wiped out the entire middle session. australia's bowlers could only manage two wickets before the bad weather curtailed the day's play. azhar is 139 not out with mohammad amir on 28. england batsman ian bell could only manage 21 runs for perth scorchers as they set sydney sixers a target of 131 in australia's big bash league. in reply his compatriot sam billings is currently on 32 runs with the sixers 50—1 after five overs.
that's all sport for now. don't forget you can keep up to date with all the day's sports news on the bbc sport website. that's bbc.co.uk/sport i'll have more for you in the next hour. thanks, hugh. russia's defence ministry says the first flight recorder from the area of the black sea where one of its military planes crashed on sunday has been found. a massive search operation has been continuing overnight for the bodies of the 92 victims, 11 of which have been found. sophia tran—thomson reports. day and night, search and rescue teams have not stopped on their mission to find the russian military plane which disappeared from air traffic radars on christmas morning. planes, helicopters, submersibles, around a0 ships and more than 3,000 people, including 200 divers, are involved in the search. the plane disappeared from radar two minutes after taking off from sochi's adler
airport, on sunday. the search area is a approximately 10.5 square kilometres, just off the coast, in the black sea. several bodies have been recovered, but officials believe most are probably trapped inside the remains of the aircraft. translation: the team is currently carrying out a search using sonar that allows us to see the ocean floor as well as objects at the bottom. we also have 820 rescue workers who are visually scanning the surface of the water. several fragments of the plane, including fuselage and tail parts, have been found, however the black box, which could give investigators more of an idea why the plane crashed, is yet to be retrieved. translation: all found parts have been brought ashore and been handed over to the investigators. the search operation in the area of the plane crash has gone on for 2h hours with no breaks. during the day, one more body
was found and recovered. on monday, a national day of mourning was declared. church services have been held across russia, and in moscow, a shrine has been set up which grows bigger by the hour. the russian government has said terrorism is not thought to be the likely cause of the crash and the focus is on pilot error or technical fault. but for the families of the 92 victims, which includejournalists, a doctor and dozens of musicians from the alexandrov ensemble, no explanation will bring their loved ones home. details have emerged of george michael's charity work, as tributes continue to pour in after his sudden death. he was found dead at home on christmas day. it's been revealed he'd worked undercover at a homeless shelter, and spent years donating money to organisations. let's cross to our correspondent emily unia who's outside
the singer's house in north london. people have been leaving messages of love for george michael. a lot of people coming and going throughout the morning already. it is clear that this is going to carry on for some days as people come to terms with this huge loss and we just start to think about george michael first of all as a singer, songwriter and music producer, a world superstar in that sense, but now we're beginning to understand that he was also an incredibly generous, kind hearted man who donated a huge amount of money to charity, but also to individuals whose stories he came across. a woman who needed £15,000 for ivf. he heard about her on a tv quiz show and he secretly donated the money to that woman. a waitress who he gave a £5,000 tip to because
she was in debt. another woman he came across in a cafe who was in tea rs, came across in a cafe who was in tears, who was in serious debt and he left a cheque with a waitress for this woman. he gave a lot of money to childline and volunteered at a homeless shelter and i think it is a really astonishing picture we are starting to see notjust of a superstar, but of a man with an extrord airline kind heart. —— extraordinairily kind heart. the american astronomer vera rubin, one of the pioneering scientists who discovered compelling evidence of dark matter, has died — she was 88. she won numerous awards and honours for her groundbreaking work, although many questioned by she was never awarded a nobel prize. it was in the 1970s that she found evidence of dark matter in the universe. in 1993, she was awarded the us national medal of science. japan's prime minister, shinzo abe, is in hawaii, for an historic visit to the us naval base at pearl harbour,
where 75 years ago, an attack by japanese warplanes drew the united states into world war ii. mr abe will pay his respects alongside barack 0bama this tuesday, after already marking a moment of silence at the national memorial cemetery of the pacific. 0ur washington correspondent, laura bicker, reports. archive: december 7th, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy. the japanese attacks came in waves during a deadly two hours. bombs ripped through us battleships, crippling the pacific fleet and killing over 2,000 americans. survivors recalled that the once bustling port burned for hours. i had a fire hose in one hand, trying to put out the fires, and with the other i went around memorising these nametags so i could write to their parents and tell them what happened to their sons.
after 75 years, a sitting japanese prime minister will attend a service to pray for those lives lost. shinzo abe arrived in hawaii to reaffirm a solemn promise never to repeat the horrors of that war. he'll also hold a final meeting with the outgoing us president. the two leaders have developed strong ties over the last eight years. barack 0bama was the first sitting president to visit hiroshima, a powerful symbol of reconciliation. we force ourselves to feel the dread of children confused by what they see. we listen to a silent cry. shinzo abe spoke of an alliance of hope, as the first japanese prime minister to address the us congress. i offer my eternal condolences. this bond of friendship is hugely important to japan. tokyo feels under threat from a strengthening china and a north korea which is developing nuclear weapons. cheers.
kanpai. some fear for the future of the relationship under a new president. archive: those who lost their lives at pearl harbor would never be forgotten. but these few days will be about remembrance and laying to rest the final ghosts of a world war which brought out the worst in humanity. if you're someone who suffers from regular aches and pains, scientists in oxford think they may have found the reason why, and it goes back millions of years. it's all to do with the way humans have evolved, as smeetha mundasad has been finding out. 3—d printing the bones of our distant ancestors and imagining how we might look in thousands of years' time. an unconventional way to approach an everyday problem. why is it that the humans of today get so muchjoint pain? to answer, scientists looked back at hundreds of ancient skeletons and say evolution could be
partly to blame. this is a 30,000—year—old thighbone and it's this area here which has changed. we call it the neck of the thighbone. and as we have gone through evolution, this area is getting thicker and thicker whereas we know there is a direct link between this area getting thicker and early arthritis. that is not all. they can nudge their model forward, hazarding a guess at how human skeletons may change in 5,000 years' time. these 3—d printed models show what the bones of the future human could look like. scientists say by studying them closely, it's clear that the human skeleton is changing and they say if current trends continue, it's likely that arthritis and pain will get more common. let's consider the shoulder.
as we began walking on two legs the shape of the shoulder shifted to compensate for our new gait. look at this space getting narrower and narrower over millions of years. scientists say this leaves less room for tendons that attach muscles to bone to move. leading to more pain as we reach overhead. and if this pattern continues, its set to get worse in the future. researchers say while evolution may have left us with some unharmful hangovers, physiotherapy and using the right posture can help conquer some of the downsides of our design. they hope projects like this one might help design the joint replacements and surgery of the future. let's get the weather now with chris fawkes. aordinarily kind heart. —— extraordinarily kind heart.
this morning, the temperatures were down as minus five celsius. this was the scene in cornwall. you know the old saying pink sky in the morning, shepherd's morning, but it doesn't work today because it is a decent day for us. it will cloud over a bit across the western areas. temperatures six or seven celsius. staying cloudy for northern ireland and the west of scotland today, but there will be a lot of dry and bright weather. 0vernight tonight, with the clear skies in place, temperatures will fall away quickly. now we will have a return of some frosty weather particularly for england and wales. that's where the lightest winds will be. scotland and northern ireland, perhaps avoiding much in the way of frost, but tomorrow, there is the potential of getting a few patches of mist and fog. some of that could be dense. a bit of uncertainty about where the worse of that might be, but we are looking at bright weather. temperatures between four and eight
celsius for most of us. that's your forecast. this is bbc news. i'm richard lister. the headlines at 10.30am: eight out of ten young carers are not receiving the help they need from social services, according to the children's commissioner for england. countering electoral fraud — voters in some parts of england will be asked to show id in pilot schemes. russian crash investigators recover a black box flight recorder from the military aircraft which crashed into the black sea, it is thought all 93 people on board died in the crash.